Hormone replacement therapy is often referred to as the treatment with hormones to replace deficient hormones in the body.
Hormone Replacement Therapy for Men and Women
It replaces hormones that are at a lower level as we age.
Hormone replacement therapy is often referred to as the treatment with hormones to replace natural hormones when the body does not make enough. For example, hormone replacement therapy may be given when the thyroid gland does not make enough thyroid hormone or when the pituitary gland does not make enough growth hormone.
Or, it may be given to women after menopause to replace the hormones estrogen and progesterone that are no longer made by the body. Testosterone replacement therapy is another type of HRT.
Let’s review some of the most widely applied HRTs.
Growth Hormone Replacement Therapy
Growth hormone deficiency usually results from the destruction of normal pituitary and/or hypothalamic tissue from a tumor or surgical and/or radiation therapy. Reduced growth hormone is also linked to the inevitable aging process and will naturally diminish over time.
Growth hormone deficiency may be associated with significant changes in body composition, bone density, lipid metabolism, cardiovascular function, and physical well-being. Additionally, individuals with decreased growth hormone levels may have affected sleep patterns and decreased immune system function.
HGH therapy is recommended for adults if, after adequate laboratory testing and appropriate evaluation an individual is diagnosed with HGH deficiency and a doctor believes that a patient could benefit from HGH replacement therapy.
What is human growth hormone?
HGH replacement therapy has shown to help patients lose and maintain their weight. When we are younger, growth hormone is produced naturally in the pituitary gland. Natural growth hormone plays a major role in the growth of both children and teens.
Our growth hormone supports our body’s regeneration and stimulates the growth of cells in the muscles, bones, brain, and vital organs. Growth hormone also assists our metabolism, as well as regulates the health of the body fluids and heart function.
Later in life, our body slows down its production of the growth hormone.
With the help of human growth hormone replacement therapy (HGH Therapy), both men and women can improve their strength, energy, and immunity levels.
Benefits of HGH Therapy
How can HGH replacement therapy improve your body’s healthy function?
Patients who receive the treatment can enjoy the following improvements:
- improve their muscle mass and strength, with the help of periodic, doctor-recommended levels of exercise;
- help patients lose and keep off weight;
- improve skin health to help counter signs of aging;
- rejuvenate organ health, restore bone density, and promote the production of bone marrow;
- lower cholesterol levels;
- balance testosterone levels;
- better immune system function;
- improve patient’s mood and stress levels;
- restore patient’s healthy sex drive;
- improve mental clarity;
- support healthy sleep quality.
Every patient’s Human Growth Hormone Replacement Therapy will be tailored to their unique body and the HGH-related issues they would like to address.
Testosterone Therapy in Hypogonadal Men
Testosterone is a vital hormone for men. As men age, testosterone levels gradually decline in a process known as andropause or late-onset hypogonadism. Approximately 480,000 new cases of testosterone deficiency are diagnosed each year in the United States.
Testosterone replacement therapy (TRT) can reverse unwanted effects. Effective methods of testosterone replacement include gel application and injection therapy. All men on testosterone replacement therapy must be closely monitored for prostate health, red blood cell counts, and testosterone levels in the blood.
How will I know if my testosterone is low?
If testosterone levels fall men may feel tired, low in mood, and can develop hot flushes. Weight gain and a loss of muscle strength can also occur. These ‘symptoms’ can often be quite vague and difficult to recognize.
Testosterone deficiency may result in:
- decreased libido or sexual interest;
- poor or no erections;
- impaired energy levels;
- loss of muscle mass & strength;
- decreased bone density.
Much more specifically, if the testosterone levels are much lower than normal, men usually notice a loss of or difficulty in achieving normal erections on waking up in the morning, a fall in sex drive (loss of libido), and difficulty in maintaining erections strong enough for masturbation or sexual intercourse. If testosterone levels are low for a prolonged time, this can cause breast swelling (gynecomastia), thinning of the bones (osteoporosis), and an increase in the risk of cardiovascular disease.
The blood test to measure testosterone levels
It is important that this particular blood test is performed in the morning. Testosterone levels are at their highest early in the morning, and this is when the blood test can be performed accurately. The results should only take a few days to be fully processed in most areas.
What is the normal level?
A normal level of testosterone is usually considered to be between approximately 9 – 30 nmol/L (nanomoles per liter). A level below 8 nmol/L is considered to be low and the blood test should be repeated. If it is low on 2 occasions taken at the right time of the day, then men will usually benefit from starting testosterone replacement therapy.
How do I know if the treatment is working?
If men start TRT their testosterone levels will have to be checked on a regular basis to ensure a normal level is achieved. Most people start to feel better within a few weeks of treatment, but it may take at least 3 months to obtain a steady level in the bloodstream and to feel the full effects of treatment. If testosterone replacement therapy does improve a man’s symptoms following treatment for testicular cancer then it can be continued indefinitely.
Estrogen is a hormone that’s naturally produced by your body. It’s found in both men and women. Estrogen plays an important role in managing your reproductive system, but it also protects your bones and helps your skin heal from bruises and injury.
Sometimes, your body doesn’t make enough estrogen. This can happen for various reasons. For example, your estrogen production slows down as you get older. Some conditions can also affect your estrogen levels.
If your estrogen levels are low, a doctor may prescribe hormone therapy to help replace your estrogen levels and ease symptoms.
Benefits of Estrogen
1. Relieves menopause symptoms
Your natural estrogen production changes over time. As you begin puberty, you will create more estrogen. You’ll continue to have higher levels through your childbearing years. As menopause approaches, your estrogen levels will begin falling.
As estrogen levels fall, you will start having symptoms of menopause. Most commonly, these symptoms include:
- hot flashes
- vaginal dryness
- difficulty sleeping
- excessive sweating
For menopause, many doctors will prescribe an estrogen-containing medication. Replacing the declining estrogen with hormone therapy may help ease menopause symptoms.
2. Improves vaginal issues
Estrogen can help maintain vaginal health. When estrogen levels decline, you may experience changes to the tissue, lining, and pH balance of your vagina. That can cause several vaginal health issues, including:
- vaginal dryness;
- vulvar atrophy, a condition that causes dryness, soreness, and urinary incontinence;
- atrophic vaginitis, or inflammation of vaginal tissues that are frequently caused by dryness and irritation.
Estrogen may be able to help treat these conditions.
3. Helps ovary issues
The ovaries are responsible for producing estrogen. If they fail to produce the hormone or if they are affected by any other condition, hormone therapy may be necessary.
These issues may require supplemental estrogen:
- female hypogonadism, or decreased function of the ovaries;
- failure of both ovaries;
- removal of both ovaries, or an oophorectomy.
If you’ve had your ovaries removed, hormone therapy may be used to help ease symptoms of premature menopause. Sometimes, both the uterus and ovaries are removed. This is called a total hysterectomy.
4. Protects your bones
Estrogen may help decrease bone loss after menopause. A doctor may recommend using estrogen to treat bone loss or osteoporosis.
HCG (Human Chorionic Gonadotropin) Therapy
Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (or HCG) is a hormone used for different reasons in men and women. HCG is used in combination with other fertility drugs to increase a woman’s chance of pregnancy. In men or adolescent boys, HCG helps the production of testosterone and sperm. HCG is also used in male children with cryptorchidism, a specific birth problem of the testes.
What should I tell my health care provider before I take HCG?
They need to know if you have any of these conditions:
- cyst on the ovary;
- heart disease;
- kidney disease;
- ovarian cancer or other female-related cancer;
- prostate cancer or other male-related cancer;
- an unusual or allergic reaction to HCG, other hormones, other medicines, foods, dyes, or preservatives;
- pregnant (this medicine should not be used if you are already pregnant);
How should I use HCG?
This medicine is either injected into a muscle, like a thigh or buttocks, or it may be given under the skin instead. Ask a doctor which way is right for you. You will be taught how to prepare and give HCG. Use exactly as directed. Take your medicine at regular intervals. Do not take your medicine more often than directed.
Overdosage: If you think you have taken too much HCG contact a poison control center or emergency room at once.
What should I watch for while using HCG?
For men or boys: A doctor must closely monitor you. Call a doctor if you notice any unusual effects.
For women receiving fertility treatments: A doctor must closely monitor you. Urine samples, blood tests, or ultrasound exams may be used to monitor treatment. If you think you have become pregnant, contact a doctor at once.
Peptide therapy refers to a specialized form of treatments designed to increase human longevity and performance through the emerging science of cell-signaling in the body through amino acid sequences.
At a fundamental level, amino acids are the building blocks of life. Individual amino acids combine together in chains to compose peptides, and peptide chains that are larger than 50 amino acids are known as proteins.
Peptides can be found in every cell in the body, carrying out many critical roles including a range of therapeutic applications related to longevity and optimal function. Some of these peptide-regulated activities include benefits related to anti-aging, preventing chronic disease, maintaining sexual health, and the body’s ability to lose weight or maintain ideal body weight.
What are peptides by origin?
Amino acid chains, or peptides, regulate a wide range of biological functions and processes. A peptide is a chain of amino acids, fifty or fewer in number. A protein is composed of long peptide chains. Our supply of these important signaling molecules decreases in both amount and efficacy over time.
Fortunately, we have the ability to rejuvenate the body’s production and release of these important molecules. There are already over 60 FDA-approved peptides on the market. Peptides are commonly used in everyday medical therapy such as Lisinopril, which is a commonly prescribed medication for high blood pressure and insulin for patients with diabetes.
Many peptides are administered through subcutaneous injection, some can also be taken orally or topically. The frequency and dosage vary from peptide to peptide.
Who benefits from peptide therapy?
People with many different health and performance goals will often consider therapeutic peptides as part of their live optimized regimen. Peptides can be beneficial for a broad variety of individuals. In fact, most adults regardless of chromosomal sex could benefit in some way from peptide therapy. If you are noticing any of the following symptoms, a consultation with a provider skilled at peptide therapy is something to set up to see if and how peptides might help.
- decreased muscle mass and strength;
- fatigue, low energy;
- poor concentration or memory;
- increased abdominal fat mass;
- poor quality sleep;
- reduced vitality and overall energy levels.
Peptide therapy may offer benefits including but not limited to better sleep, increase in muscle mass, weight loss, increased sex drive, overall improved mood, and a slowed aging process. Additional benefits people have found using peptide therapy include:
- better workouts and recovery;
- improved muscle mass;
- body fat reduction/weight loss;
- improved energy, strength, and stamina;
- strengthened immune system;
- increased lean muscle development and growth;
- improved libido;
- improved erectile dysfunction;
- accelerated wound healing;
- better hormone regulation;
- boosting natural HGH;
- improved sleep;
- improved cardiovascular function;
- disease prevention;
- improved digestive function.
Several peptides are used to help increase HGH or human growth hormone production, which promotes tissue healing and repair within the body. Human growth hormone plays an important role in the maintenance of lean body mass, fat-burning, cardiovascular health, and cognitive function through sleep quality.
Common Peptides and How They Can Help
Sermorelin is a powerful peptide that stimulates the production and release of growth hormone from the pituitary gland in our brains through the GHRH pathway. This peptide serves to reinforce a naturally occurring process in our bodies that slows in many of us as we age.
CJC 1295 is a GHRH (growth hormone-releasing hormone) analog similar to Sermorelin, but a step up in intensity and specificity. CJC 1295 allows the anterior pituitary to follow the natural, pulsatile release of growth hormone without an increase in appetite, cortisol levels, and other important hormones. CJC is usually compounded together with Ipamorelin due to its ability to stimulate GHRH for enhanced results.
Ipamorelin is another growth hormone secretagogue that stimulates the production and release of growth hormone through the naturally occurring ghrelin pathway. Ipamorelin can assist with physical recovery from exertion and can also augment fat-burning in combination with other weight-loss strategies. It is also thought to have immunity-boosting properties.
PT-141 works directly through the nervous system to increase arousal and libido or desire for sexual activity. PT-141 can help with erectile function while also improving desire and motivation for sexual activity as well.
What can I expect in terms of results?
Many patients will notice changes in their bodies over the first 1-3 months. However, the full benefit of therapy is typically noticeable in 4-6 months of treatment. The following are some changes patients may experience, though each individual’s genetic makeup and lifestyle vary and can impact the type and intensity of results.
Month 1: Improved mood, energy, stamina, sleep, and early, subtle changes in body composition (fat loss).
Month 2-3: Improved skin, hair, and nail quality improved muscle tone, metabolism, and continued changes in body composition (fat loss).
Months 4-6: Continued weight/fat reduction, improved hair and skin quality, increasing lean muscle mass, continued improvements in overall physique, increased energy, and vitality.
Be sure to contact our doctors to apply for a free qualified consultation concerning any hormonal therapy you’d prefer to receive based on your indications and diagnostics. We are happy to help!